Back pain is one of the most common conditions that affect every individual at least once in their lifetime. Back pain is characterized by any form of discomfort or soreness in the lumbar or thoracic region. At times, this annoying pain radiates to the thighs and legs, thereby affecting day-to-day activities. Let us have a look at the various causes and treatments for a bad back.
Causes and treatments for a bad back
Your back is a complex structure made up of bones, muscles, nerves and joints. Structurally backache is a condition that is usually caused when muscles, cartilages, bones or spinal cord in the back region gets affected. The pain in this region can be acute or chronic depending on the severity of the condition. Physical or repeated stress is one of the common causes of pain in the lumbar area. There is a possibility that the person may or may not even remember the initial event that triggered the muscle spasm.
Muscular strain can result in tears in the muscle fibers which cause pain in the back. Slouching, sitting in front of computer or TV for a long time, twisting, lifting, carrying or pulling wrongly, diving in the hunched position, etc. are some of the stress-related factors.
Other causes include medical conditions like disc herniation, osteoarthritis, facet disease and lumbar isthmic spondylolisthesis. Degenerative disc disease is another condition in which the spinal vertebrae show some changes due to chronic wear and tear, injury or as a result of aging, and causes aching pain in the back.
The treatment for a bad back depends on the triggering cause. There is no doubt that RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation) therapy and painkillers are the most effective ways to combat the acute pain, but their other measures also by which we can relieve the pain effectively and safely. Exercise is one of the best preventive and curative methods for back pain relief. Muscle strengthening exercise may not only help decrease back pain but also help in faster recovery. There are many core training exercises by which balance, strength, and stability are increased to form a well-developed strong core. Additionally, you need to use a good mattress.
Alternate therapies, when practiced by licensed practitioners, offer a safe and effective way to provide relief from pain. For medical conditions like disc herniation, spinal stenosis, and degenerative disc diseases, spine surgery is often recommended. There are different types of spinal surgeries that offer relief from chronic back pain.
Knowing about the causes and treatments for a bad back will help you make an informed decision and lead a healthy life.